Flip An Image Over Specified Axes

Synopsis

Flip an image over the specified axes. Pixels are swapped over the given axis.

Results

Input image

Input image

Output image

Output image

Code

C++

#include "itkImage.h"
#include "itkImageFileReader.h"
#include "itkImageFileWriter.h"
#include "itkFlipImageFilter.h"

int
main(int argc, char * argv[])
{
  if (argc != 4)
  {
    std::cerr << "Usage: " << argv[0];
    std::cerr << " <InputFileName> <OutputFileName> <AxisToFlip>";
    std::cerr << std::endl;
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
  }

  constexpr unsigned Dimension = 2;

  using PixelType = unsigned char;
  using ImageType = itk::Image<PixelType, Dimension>;

  using ReaderType = itk::ImageFileReader<ImageType>;
  ReaderType::Pointer reader = ReaderType::New();
  reader->SetFileName(argv[1]);

  using FlipImageFilterType = itk::FlipImageFilter<ImageType>;

  FlipImageFilterType::Pointer flipFilter = FlipImageFilterType::New();
  flipFilter->SetInput(reader->GetOutput());

  FlipImageFilterType::FlipAxesArrayType flipAxes;
  if (std::stoi(argv[3]) == 0)
  {
    flipAxes[0] = true;
    flipAxes[1] = false;
  }
  else
  {
    flipAxes[0] = false;
    flipAxes[1] = true;
  }

  flipFilter->SetFlipAxes(flipAxes);

  using WriterType = itk::ImageFileWriter<ImageType>;
  WriterType::Pointer writer = WriterType::New();
  writer->SetFileName(argv[2]);
  writer->SetInput(flipFilter->GetOutput());

  try
  {
    writer->Update();
  }
  catch (itk::ExceptionObject & error)
  {
    std::cerr << "Error: " << error << std::endl;
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
  }

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

Python

#!/usr/bin/env python
import itk

if len(sys.argv) != 4:
    print("Usage: " + sys.argv[0] + " <InputImage> <OutputImage> <AxisToFlip>")
    sys.exit(1)

PixelType = itk.UC
Dimension = 2

ImageType = itk.Image[PixelType, Dimension]

reader = itk.ImageFileReader[ImageType].New()
reader.SetFileName(sys.argv[1])

flipFilter = itk.FlipImageFilter[ImageType].New()
flipFilter.SetInput(reader.GetOutput())

if int(sys.argv[3]) == 0:
    flipAxes = (True, False)
else:
    flipAxes = (False, True)

flipFilter.SetFlipAxes(flipAxes)

writer = itk.ImageFileWriter[ImageType].New()
writer.SetFileName(sys.argv[2])
writer.SetInput(flipFilter.GetOutput())

writer.Update()

Classes demonstrated

template<typename TImage>
class FlipImageFilter : public itk::ImageToImageFilter<TImage, TImage>

Flips an image across user specified axes.

FlipImageFilter flips an image across user specified axes. The flip axes are set via method SetFlipAxes( array ) where the input is a FixedArray<bool,ImageDimension>. The image is flipped across axes for which array[i] is true.

In terms of grid coordinates the image is flipped within the LargestPossibleRegion of the input image. As such, the LargestPossibleRegion of the output image is the same as the input.

In terms of geometric coordinates, the output origin is such that the image is flipped with respect to the coordinate axes.

ITK Sphinx Examples:

See itk::FlipImageFilter for additional documentation.