CMake/Examples

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Welcome to the CMake Wiki Examples! These short snippets which show you how to perform many common CMake procedures. Please see [1] for the verbose documentation.

Please add examples as you find common procedures which are not explained here!

Basics

Set a CMake variable

SET(VARIABLE VALUE)

View a CMake variable

MESSAGE("CMAKE_BINARY_DIR: ${CMAKE_BINARY_DIR}")

View a system variable

\verb|MESSAGE("$ENV{PATH}")

Check operating system

 IF(WIN32)
   ...do something...
 ELSE(WIN32)
   ...do something else...
 ENDIF(WIN32)

Outputs

Message

MESSAGE("Hello world")

Error

MESSAGE(FATAL_ERROR "An error occured.")

Logical Operators

These operators work exactly as you would expect.

AND

if(A AND B)

OR

if(A OR B)

NOT

if(NOT A)

Compound

if(NOT(A AND B))

Finding Packages

Most of the time large packages will have their Find[PackageName].cmake file included in the cmake distribution. If that is the case, all you must do it:

FIND_PACKAGE(Eigen3)

Checking if a package was found

Most of the time the [PackageName]_FOUND variable is defined. You can use it like this: FIND_PACKAGE(Eigen3) if(EIGEN3_FOUND)

... do something ...

endif(EIGEN3_FOUND)

Suppress warnings

Sometimes you may want to optionally include a package. You can suppress the warning about the package not being found with: FIND_PACKAGE(Eigen3 QUIET)

Fix Mininum Version Error/Warning

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.6.0 FATAL_ERROR)


Look in the directory that the CMakeLists.txt file is for header and implementation files

INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES(${CMAKE_SOURCE_DIR})


Set Link Directories

LINK_DIRECTORIES(${LINK_DIRECTORIES} /usr/local/lib)

Set Include Directories

This command adds a path to the include directories, you do NOT have to do the 'export' style ``keep everything that is here and add this one syntax.

INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES(/some/directory)

View the directories that are set

get_property(inc_dirs DIRECTORY PROPERTY INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES)
message("inc_dirs = ${inc_dirs}")

Automate configure and generate

Note 'cmake' instead of 'ccmake' (ccmake is curses cmake (curses is the terminal gui))

cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/mylocation ../

Compiler options

Set a cmake flag

ccmake ../../src/boost -DCMAKE_IS_EXPERIMENTAL=YES_I_KNOW

Set a cpp flag

SET(CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS} -D__WXGTK__")

Force g++

Ocassionally you will come across files with the extension .c that actually contain c++ code. CMake treats the file based on its extension. If you want to override this behavior (in this case, compile .c files with your c++ compiler), do the following:

set(MySources main.c anotherFile.c)
add_executable(SpinRecognize ${MySource})
set_source_files_properties(${MySources} PROPERTIES LANGUAGE CXX)

Per-target

set_target_properties(myexe_target
                                PROPERTIES COMPILE_FLAGS "-Wall")

Set the default build type

SET(CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE Debug CACHE STRING "default to debug" FORCE)

Custom variable

Here is a list of supported variable types: http://www.cmake.org/cmake/help/cmake2.6docs.html#command:set

String

SET(BUILD_PARAVIEW_PLUGIN ON CACHE STRING "Build Paraview plugin?" FORCE)

Bool

SET(DAI_WITH_BP ON CACHE BOOL "Belief Propagation" FORCE)

Comparison

if(DAI_WITH_BP EQUALS ON)

  1. do something

endif(DAI_WITH_BP EQUALS ON)

Linking to specific libraries

ITK

Add the path to your environment:

export ITK_DIR=/home/doriad/bin/ITK

Then in the CMakeLists.txt use:

FIND_PACKAGE(ITK REQUIRED)
INCLUDE(${ITK_USE_FILE})

ADD_EXECUTABLE(CastImageFilter CastImageFilter.cxx)
TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(CastImageFilter
vtkHybrid
ITKIO ITKBasicFilters ITKCommon
)

VXL

Add the path to your environment:

export VXLBIN="/home/doriad/bin/vxl"

Then in the CMakeLists.txt use:

FIND_PACKAGE(VXL REQUIRED)
INCLUDE(${VXL_CMAKE_DIR}/UseVXL.cmake)

VTK

Add the path to your environment:

export VTK_DIR="/home/doriad/bin/VTK"

Then in the CMakeLists.txt use:

FIND_PACKAGE(VTK REQUIRED)
INCLUDE(${VTK_USE_FILE})

Boost

Add to the environment:

export BOOST_ROOT="/home/doriad/src/boost"
export BOOST_LIBRARYDIR="/home/doriad/bin/boost/lib"

Then in the CMakeLists.txt use:

SET(Boost_USE_MULTITHREAD ON) #set a flag
FIND_PACKAGE(Boost 1.34.1 COMPONENTS date_time filesystem)
INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES(${INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES} ${Boost_INCLUDE_DIRS})
LINK_DIRECTORIES(${LINK_DIRECTORIES} ${Boost_LIBRARY_DIRS})

OpenCV

Add to the environment:

export OpenCV_DIR=/home/doriad/bin/OpenCV

Then in the CMakeLists.txt use:

FIND_PACKAGE(OpenCV REQUIRED )
INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES( ${OPENCV_INCLUDE_DIR} )

ADD_EXECUTABLE(Scalar Scalar.cxx)
TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(Scalar ${OpenCV_LIBS})

Get Help Using a Library

cmake --help-module FindBoost

Add new libraries to CMake

/usr/share/cmake/Modules/FindOpenGL.cmake|

Dependency Graph

ccmake ../src/Program/ --graphviz=test.graph 
dotty test.graph

CTest

Run a specific test by number

e.g. Test 622

ctest -I 622,622

Run a range of tests

e.g. Test 622 to 625

ctest -I 622,625

Run a test by name

ctest -R "itkTransformPoint*"|

Link to a library

ADD_EXECUTABLE(ColoredLines ColoredLines.cpp)
TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(ColoredLines vtkHybrid)


Create a library

add_library(MatlabLibrary ./MatlabDll/LidarK.cpp)