Particle simulations

From KitwarePublic
Jump to navigationJump to search

Introduction

Particle simulations consist of point data, rather than cell or element data. An example may be electrons in a field, or water molecules in a fluid. Particle datasets can be combined with other datasets to show particle motion in a solid or liquid.

This tutorial uses a dataset named mediumVector.vtu. I will try to get it on the Kitware web site. If you want to make it yourself, it is just a vtk dataset, using the format listed at the end of this tutorial. I then read it into ParaView, and used the reflect filter in the X, then Y, then Z direction. I believe I then did the same reflections again. Finally, this file was written out to disk as a .vtu file.


Displaying particles

  • Open ParaView, and read in your dataset.
  • If you are running ParaView 3.6.0 or 3.4.0, you will want to reset the point sizes. Display tab/ Style/ Point size 2 (or 1, depending on your preference). The following picture holds about 250,000 points.


Particles 1.png


Glyphing particles

  • You may want to replace these particles with spheres or arrows, using the glyph filter. The glyph filter will depopulate your dataset to a reasonable number of items, and this reasonable number is set by the Maximum number of points input box. Random mode often creates better looking output, but is not useful if you animate through numerous time steps. The following picture has arrows for particles, using vectors for direction and length, and colored by temperature.


Particles 2.png


Thresholding particles

  • Another filter that is useful is the threshold filter. Using the threshold filter, a user can select only those particles that are of interest. For instance, the following picture only displays particles that have a temperature of 430 to 511 degrees. Using the clip filter, the upper half of the picture has arrow glyphs, and the lower half has the particles themselves - all colored by temperature.


Particles 3.png


Scatter Plot

  • Finally, you can make a scatter plot through the calculator filter. For instance, if we want to preserve the X and Y coordinates of our points, but use number of pizzas for the Z component, we would do the following:
    • Open the calculator filter.
    • Check the Coordinate Results check box.
    • Input the formula coordsX*iHat+coordsY*jHat+pizza*kHat. This creates a vector, as follows: (X,Y,pizzas). (Think of the iHat as "This is an X", the * as tying the coordinates and variables together, and the + sign as the comma between X,Y, and Z.)


Particles 4.png


Example data file

This data is written to a .vtk file. Note that I have deleted a lot of the data, which will need to be recreated. Also note that I added some random variable data - for instance, some locations have 1 or 2 pizzas. This actually creates a strange dataset - with many points per cell, but it worked for display purposes.

# vtk DataFile Version 2.0
Unstructured Grid Example
ASCII

DATASET UNSTRUCTURED_GRID
POINTS 512 float
0 0 0  1 0 0  2 0 0  3 0 0  4 0 0  5 0 0  6 0 0  7 0 0  
0 1 0  1 1 0  2 1 0  3 1 0  4 1 0  5 1 0  6 1 0  7 1 0  
...
0 0 1  1 0 1  2 0 1  3 0 1  4 0 1  5 0 1  6 0 1  7 0 1  
0 1 1  1 1 1  2 1 1  3 1 1  4 1 1  5 1 1  6 1 1  7 1 1
...
0 0 2  1 0 2  2 0 2  3 0 2  4 0 2  5 0 2  6 0 2  7 0 2  
0 1 2  1 1 2  2 1 2  3 1 2  4 1 2  5 1 2  6 1 2  7 1 2  
...
CELL_TYPES 52
1
1
...
POINT_DATA 512
SCALARS temperature float 1
LOOKUP_TABLE default
000.0 001.0 002.0 003.0 004.0 005.0 006.0 007.0 008.0 009.0 
010.0 011.0 012.0 013.0 014.0 015.0 016.0 017.0 018.0 019.0 
...
SCALARS pizza float 1
LOOKUP_TABLE default
000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 
000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 000.0 
...
VECTORS vectors float
1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0 
1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0  1 0 0 
...



Acknowledgements

Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-mission laboratory managed and operated by National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC., a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International, Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-NA-0003525.