ITK  5.3.0
Insight Toolkit
Examples/DataRepresentation/Mesh/PointSet1.cxx
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// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// The \doxygen{PointSet} is a basic class intended to represent geometry
// in the form of a set of points in $N$-dimensional space. It is the base
// class for the \doxygen{Mesh} providing the methods necessary to
// manipulate sets of points. Points can have values associated with
// them. The type of such values is defined by a template parameter of the
// \code{itk::PointSet} class (i.e., \code{TPixelType}). Two basic
// interaction styles of PointSets are available in ITK. These styles are
// referred to as \emph{static} and \emph{dynamic}. The first style is used
// when the number of points in the set is known in advance and is not
// expected to change as a consequence of the manipulations performed on the
// set. The dynamic style, on the other hand, is intended to support
// insertion and removal of points in an efficient manner. Distinguishing
// between the two styles is meant to facilitate the fine tuning of a
// \code{PointSet}'s behavior while optimizing performance and memory
// management.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet}
// \index{itk::PointSet!Static}
// \index{itk::PointSet!Dynamic}
//
// In order to use the PointSet class, its header file should be included.
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
#include "itkPointSet.h"
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
int
main(int, char *[])
{
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// Then we must decide what type of value to associate with the
// points. This is generally called the \code{PixelType} in order to make
// the terminology consistent with the \code{itk::Image}. The PointSet is
// also templated over the dimension of the space in which the points are
// represented. The following declaration illustrates a typical
// instantiation of the PointSet class.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet!Instantiation}
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
using PointSetType = itk::PointSet<unsigned short, 3>;
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// A \code{PointSet} object is created by invoking the \code{New()} method
// on its type. The resulting object must be assigned to a
// \code{SmartPointer}. The PointSet is then reference-counted and can be
// shared by multiple objects. The memory allocated for the PointSet will
// be released when the number of references to the object is reduced to
// zero. This simply means that the user does not need to be concerned
// with invoking the \code{Delete()} method on this class. In fact, the
// \code{Delete()} method should \textbf{never} be called directly within
// any of the reference-counted ITK classes.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet!New()}
// \index{itk::PointSet!Pointer}
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
PointSetType::Pointer pointsSet = PointSetType::New();
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// Following the principles of Generic Programming, the \code{PointSet}
// class has a set of associated defined types to ensure that interacting
// objects can be declared with compatible types. This set of type
// definitions is commonly known as a set of \emph{traits}. Among the
// traits of the \code{PointSet} class is \code{PointType}, which is used
// by the point set to represent points in space. The following declaration
// takes the point type as defined in the \code{PointSet} traits and
// renames it to be conveniently used in the global namespace.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet!PointType}
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// The \code{PointType} can now be used to declare point objects to be
// inserted in the \code{PointSet}. Points are fairly small objects, so
// it is inconvenient to manage them with reference counting and smart
// pointers. They are simply instantiated as typical C++ classes. The Point
// class inherits the \code{[]} operator from the \code{itk::Array} class.
// This makes it possible to access its components using index notation.
// For efficiency's sake no bounds checking is performed during index
// access. It is the user's responsibility to ensure that the index used is
// in the range
// $\{0,Dimension-1\}$. Each of the components in the point is associated
// with space coordinates. The following code illustrates how to
// instantiate a point and initialize its components.
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
p0[0] = -1.0; // x coordinate
p0[1] = -1.0; // y coordinate
p0[2] = 0.0; // z coordinate
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
p1[0] = 1.0; // Point 1 = { 1,-1,0 }
p1[1] = -1.0;
p1[2] = 0.0;
PointType p2; // Point 2 = { 1,1,0 }
p2[0] = 1.0;
p2[1] = 1.0;
p2[2] = 0.0;
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// Points are inserted in the PointSet by using the \code{SetPoint()}
// method. This method requires the user to provide a unique identifier for
// the point. The identifier is typically an unsigned integer that will
// enumerate the points as they are being inserted. The following code
// shows how three points are inserted into the PointSet.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet!SetPoint()}
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
pointsSet->SetPoint(0, p0);
pointsSet->SetPoint(1, p1);
pointsSet->SetPoint(2, p2);
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// It is possible to query the PointSet in order to determine how many
// points have been inserted into it. This is done with the
// \code{GetNumberOfPoints()} method as illustrated below.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet!GetNumberOfPoints()}
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
const unsigned int numberOfPoints = pointsSet->GetNumberOfPoints();
std::cout << numberOfPoints << std::endl;
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// Points can be read from the PointSet by using the \code{GetPoint()}
// method and the integer identifier. The point is stored in a pointer
// provided by the user. If the identifier provided does not match an
// existing point, the method will return \code{false} and the contents of
// the point will be invalid. The following code illustrates point access
// using defensive programming.
//
// \index{itk::PointSet!GetPoint()}
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
// Software Guide : BeginCodeSnippet
bool pointExists = pointsSet->GetPoint(1, &pp);
if (pointExists)
{
std::cout << "Point is = " << pp << std::endl;
}
// Software Guide : EndCodeSnippet
// Software Guide : BeginLatex
//
// \code{GetPoint()} and \code{SetPoint()} are not the most efficient
// methods to access points in the PointSet. It is preferable to get direct
// access to the internal point container defined by the \emph{traits} and
// use iterators to walk sequentially over the list of points (as shown in
// the following example).
//
// Software Guide : EndLatex
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
itk::PointSet
A superclass of the N-dimensional mesh structure; supports point (geometric coordinate and attribute)...
Definition: itkPointSet.h:82
itk::GTest::TypedefsAndConstructors::Dimension2::PointType
ImageBaseType::PointType PointType
Definition: itkGTestTypedefsAndConstructors.h:51
itkPointSet.h